Seven Myths About Big Data

Seven Myths About Big Data
đź‘‹ Hi, I am Mark. I am a strategic futurist and innovation keynote speaker. I advise governments and enterprises on emerging technologies such as AI or the metaverse. My subscribers receive a free weekly newsletter on cutting-edge technology.

It may be clear that there is enough information to be found on the web regarding big data. Everyone has a different explanation of big data and what it can mean for organisations. With so much information around big data to be found, it is easy to become confused and to read the wrong information. So let’s dispel some of the most common big data myths and big data strategies.

1. Big Data is New

90% of the available data has been created in the last two years and the term big data has been around 2005, when it was launched by O’Reilly Media in 2005.  However, the usage of big data and the need to understand all available data has been around much longer. There are a lot of examples of companies that were into big data before it was called big data. A well-known example is Walmart that has been using data analytics already for many years.

2. Big Data is Just a Hype

Big data is not something like social media, which indeed was a hype a few years back. At the beginning of social media everyone thought that social media was the Holy Grail, well it ended differently. Social media is just a marketing tool to better understand you customers. Big data on the other hand is a transformative trend that will mean a paradigm shift in all industries for all companies, big or small. The amount of data will only grow in the coming years and all that data can be turned into information that can be used to improve organisations in many different ways. Already, companies that have developed and implemented a big data strategy financially outperform their peers by 20%. This will only increase and companies that will not move into the direction of big data most probably will not be able to survive in the future.

3. You Need to Have a Lot of Data to Talk About Big Data

Big data does not necessarily have to be a lot of data. Although Volume is one of the three V’s that is generally used to describe big data, it is definitely not a requirement to have a minimum of for example a Petabyte of data. Especially the combination of different data sets (such as  combining company data with social data and public data ) provides a lot of insights and this can also happen with smaller data sets.

4. Big Data is Only for Large Corporations

A small business has to look differently at big data, simply because less data is created. That does not mean however that small businesses cannot develop a big data strategy. Especially when small businesses start combining various data sets they can also obtain the insights that large corporations achieve with big data. It will however probably take a bit longer before small organizations will start to see the benefits of developing a big data strategy.

5. You Need to Hire a Big Data Scientist to Start With Big Data

There are many big data startups that offer innovative tools for companies as a SaaS or DaaS (Data-as-a-Service) solution. For each aspect of big data (processing, storing, analysing, visualizing) there are different startups that offer such a SaaS or DaaS solution. For these solutions there is no need at all to build a Hadoop cluster and to hire an expensive big data scientist or big data analyst.

6. Hadoop is the Holy Grail of Big Data

Hadoop offers a lot of advantages such as massive amounts of data that can be easily stored, processed and analyzed in a fraction of a second. It uses commodity hardware and can easily be scaled at relatively low costs. Combined with a fault tolerance system that copies all data several times over different clusters and nodes, Hadoop offers a lot of advantages. However, Hadoop is not the Holy Grail. There are quite some substantial disadvantages of Hadoop. Getting Hadoop operational is difficult and requires specialized engineers that are expensive. Subsequently cluster management is hard and debugging is pretty difficult and without a top layer real-time analytics is not possible. Therefore, using Hadoop is not a guarantee for success.

7. A Big Data Strategy is an IT Responsibility

Quite often, big data is seen as an IT matter, after all you need hardware and software to implement a big data strategy. It is true that the hardware and software need to be developed by highly skilled technical big data employees (in-house or outsourced). This is nothing strange, as the required IT of big data is different from what we have had so far. However, the required IT is merely a means to an end to achieve a big data strategy defined by the organization. This strategy could be “to increase customer satisfaction” or “to increase revenue” or “to improve the operational efficiency” and the route to achieve that strategy could be big data or any other solution for that matter. If the strategy is “to increase customer satisfaction” it would be strange to define it an IT matter or have the IT Director be the sponsor of the strategy. Therefore, big data is a strategy matter that should be dealt with, ideally, at board level.

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Dr Mark van Rijmenam

Dr Mark van Rijmenam

Dr. Mark van Rijmenam is a strategic futurist known as The Digital Speaker. He stands at the forefront of the digital age and lives and breathes cutting-edge technologies to inspire Fortune 500 companies and governments worldwide. As an optimistic dystopian, he has a deep understanding of AI, blockchain, the metaverse, and other emerging technologies, and he blends academic rigour with technological innovation.

His pioneering efforts include the world’s first TEDx Talk in VR in 2020. In 2023, he further pushed boundaries when he delivered a TEDx talk in Athens with his digital twin , delving into the complex interplay of AI and our perception of reality. In 2024, he launched a digital twin of himself offering interactive, on-demand conversations via text, audio or video in 29 languages, thereby bridging the gap between the digital and physical worlds – another world’s first.

As a distinguished 5-time author and corporate educator, Dr Van Rijmenam is celebrated for his candid, independent, and balanced insights. He is also the founder of Futurwise , which focuses on elevating global digital awareness for a responsible and thriving digital future.


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